Ireland, also known as the Emerald Isle, is a country in Western Europe that occupies five-sixths of the major island that is known as the British Isles. Ireland is divided into two jurisdictions–the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland–that remain part of the United Kingdom. Ireland is mainly made up of rolling grasslands that give way to beautiful wild flowers in summer.

The country of Ireland covers 27,133 square miles in the North Atlantic Ocean. The capital of the Republic of Ireland is Dublin, a city with a population of over 500,000 along the east-central coast of the country. The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast, a city with a population of 340,000 along Ireland's northeastern coast. While Ireland has the 35th-largest economy (by GDP) in the world at $333 billion, it boasts the 5th highest GDP per capita in the world. Ireland's currency is the Euro.

The climate is considered to be western maritime with about thirty inches of annual rainfall and temperatures ranging from 57°-61° F (14-16 C) in summer to 39°-45° F (4-7 C) in winter. The official languages are English and Irish, though there is a rich heritage of Gaelic that is still spoken.


Chatham Unversity Global Focus Year of Ireland logo image

CONTACT US
Jim Pierson, Coordinator
Global Focus 2018-2019
Chatham University
Woodland Road
Pittsburgh, PA 15232
(412) 365-1615
globalfocus@chatham.edu

Hallmarks of Ireland

Flag

Flag of Ireland - Irish Tricolor

The Irish Tricolor's colors symbolize:

Green: Gaelic tradition (intertwined with Roman Catholicism)
White: Aspiration for peace between Roman Catholics and Protestants
Orange: The followers of King William of Orange (Protestants)

Symbol

Ireland Coat of Arms Harp image

Ireland's national symbol is the harp, represented on its coat of arms as a gold harp with silver strings on a blue background (blazoned Azure a Celtic Harp Or, stringed Argent). The arms were registered as the arms of Ireland in 1945, but have history dating back to the late 13th century.

Flower

Irish Clover Shamrock image

The shamrock, a clover, is regarded as the national plant. The Celts held anything that came in threes in high regard, which makes the shamrock a natural fit for their favor. It is thought that St. Patrick used the clover to illustrate the Holy Trinity in spreading the teachings and word of Christianity.


Events

Throughout the 2018-19 academic year, Chatham University will host events focused on Ireland as part of Global Focus, with many open to the public. More events will be added to this page throughout the year.

Students with Dr. Christine Kinealy at the Ireland's Great Hunger film screening and discussion

Dr. Christine Kinealy (center), Global Focus Coordinator Jim Pierson (2nd from left), and students at "Ireland's Great Hunger" event.

CONCERT

John O'Conor

DATE: Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2018 
TIME: 11:30 AM 
PLACE: Laughlin Music Hall

Internationally acclaimed Irish pianist and former Director of the Royal Irish Academy of Music performs. Hosted in conjunction with the Music Program.

LECTURE

"A Reflection on Women's Reproductive Rights, Considering Faith Based Perspectives"

DATE: Thursday, Nov. 29, 2018
TIME: 11:30 AM - 12:30 PM
PLACE: TBD

A lecture that discusses the issue of women's reproductive rights and faith-based perspectives following the repeal of the 8th amendment that had banned abortions in Ireland.

 

SPORT

Gaelic Football and Hurling

DATE: Saturday, Mar. 23, 2019
PLACE: Varsity Field, Chatham University

Skill sessions instructed by local Irish teams, followed by mini-games with Chatham students and Irish team members.

 

CONCERT

Finghin Collins

DATE: Friday, Apr. 12, 2019
TIME: 7:00 PM
PLACE: Laughlin Music Hall

Award-winning Irish pianist, who has performed with many of the world's leading orchestras and conductors, performs. Hosted in conjunction with the Music Program.

Resources & Learning

plus sign icon Health & Sciences

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/health

Healthcare system overview: https://transferwise.com/gb/blog/healthcare-system-in-ireland

Evolution of Health Services and Policies in Ireland: https://www.combatpoverty.ie/publications/EvolutionOfHealthServicesAndHealthPolicyInIreland_2007.pdf

State of Health in Ireland 2017: https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/state/docs/chp_ir_english.pdf

plus sign icon Business & Economy

Economic profile: https://atlas.media.mit.edu/en/profile/country/irl/

Tax law changes' impact on Irish economy: https://www.irishtimes.com/sponsored/global-tax/playtime-is-over-changing-tax-rules-in-an-era-of-globalisation-1.2558452

plus sign icon Sustainability

https://www.dccae.gov.ie/en-ie/environment/topics/sustainable-development/our-sustainable-future/Pages/default.aspx

This website outlines the framework for the Sustainable Development that is occurring in Ireland. Currently there are seventy measures that are to be implemented inter-departmentally. There are measures for cleaner air quality, environmental protection, noise pollution and sustainable and renewable energy over a wide array of fields.


https://www.bitc.ie/join-the-network/sustainable-development-goals/

In regards to sustainable development this website includes eighteen tabs that up and coming businesses in regards to the impact their business will have.


https://ec.europa.eu/ireland/news/key-eu-policy-areas/environment_en

Environmental policies and facts that demonstrate the steps Ireland is taking to protect its natural resources and beauty, where there were issues, and where the policies and action programs plan to go as well as the employment of the Energy Union that seeks to ensure climate-friendly energy, create new jobs, reduce waste, increase energy efficiency and diversify gas sources to bring down prices.


https://www.worldwildlife.org/magazine/issues/summer-2015/articles/ireland-and-the-future-of-sustainability

This page provides an in-depth discussion of Ireland's food sustainability. In 2012 Ireland was the first country to commit to third-party verified 100% sustainable food exports by 2016 which includes Origin Green, the only nation-level sustainability program that unites government, private-sector food companies, and farmers. 400 food companies are now part of this program. One of the keys to success is keeping animals outside longer which reduces grain, water, electricity costs, and waste. One of the factors that allows Ireland to do this is its abundant annual rainfall.


http://www.epa.ie/researchandeducation/research/researchpillars/sustainability/

A sustainability website that has tabs for education, research, climate, water, sustainability, EPA funding etc. There is a research program that was started in 2014 and is going until 2020 that looks into the thematic areas and are the pillars for EPA Research on Sustainability:

  1. Resource Efficiency
  2. Health and Wellbeing
  3. Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services including soils and Biodiversity
  4. Socio-Economic Aspects of a Sustainable Environment

https://www.sustainableni.org/

This site details Ireland's attempt to be first country to end its investment in fossil fuels, with information on various areas of impact and relevance.


http://www.ecotourismireland.ie/about/our-sustainability/

On ecotourism and the effort and opportunities for businesses to take part.


https://www.worldwildlife.org/magazine/issues/summer-2015/articles/ireland-and-the-future-of-sustainability

Notes

  • Ireland is the first country to commit 100% sustainable food exports for 2016 "Origin Green." Per liter of milk has lowest carbon footprint in the European Union
  • Farming and the growing artisan food sector helped the country of Ireland recover from the recession in 2008
  • This movement has also added renewed luster to the local fauna, rare orchids and better quality grasses
  • Other trusts and coinciding organizations have been started, like the Burren Beo Trust that are dedicated to maintaining and enriching the natural biodiversity

plus sign icon Politics Today

8th Amendment Repeal (repeal abortion ban): http://time.com/5291882/ireland-abortion-ban-vote-results/

History behind 8th Repeal: http://time.com/5286910/ireland-abortion-laws-history/

Brexit: https://www.cnn.com/2018/04/06/opinions/20-years-good-friday-agreement-northern-ireland-nic-r-intl/index.html

Brexit's threat to Ireland: https://www.chathamhouse.org/publications/twt/brexit-s-threat-northern-ireland

Immigration: https://www.irishtimes.com/opinion/why-migration-to-ireland-should-be-encouraged-1.3157810

plus sign icon Culture & Arts

Literature: https://www.britannica.com/art/Irish-literature

Contemporary Fiction Authors: https://www.scpld.org/contemporary-fiction-irish-authors

Contemporary Nonfiction Authors: https://www.goodreads.com/shelf/show/irish-non-fiction

Contemporary Poetry: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:21st-century_Irish_poets

Music: Traditional https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xBRo-LORA8I and Irish Stepdancing https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HgGAzBDE454


In Perspective

Size:
27,133 square miles

COMPARES TO...

West Virginia state outline

West Virginia

West Virginia is the 10th smallest state in the U.S., covering 24,230 square miles.

Population:
4,804,000

COMPARES TO...

Alabama state outline

Alabama

Alabama is the 24th most populous state in the U.S., but is has nearly twice the area of Ireland.

Economy (by GDP):
$333 billion

COMPARES TO...

Wisconsin state outline

Wisconsin

Wisconsin's 2017 GDP was $324 billion. Wisconsin's population is also 20% more than Ireland's.


Counties of Ireland 

Carlow
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Cavan
Province of Ulster,
Republic of Ireland

Clare
Province of Munster,
Republic of Ireland

Cork
Province of Munster,
Republic of Ireland

Donegal
Province of Ulster,
Republic of Ireland

Dublin
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Galway
Province of Connacht,
Republic of Ireland

Kerry
Province of Munster,
Republic of Ireland

Kildaire
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Kilkenny
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Laois
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Leitrim
Province of Connacht,
Republic of Ireland

Limerick
Province of Munster,
Republic of Ireland

Longford
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Louth
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Mayo
Province of Connacht,
Republic of Ireland

Meath
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Monaghan
Province of Ulster,
Republic of Ireland

Offaly
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Roscommon
Province of Connacht,
Republic of Ireland

Sligo
Province of Connacht,
Republic of Ireland

Tipperary
Province of Munster,
Republic of Ireland

Waterford
Province of Munster,
Republic of Ireland

Westmeath
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Wexford
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Wicklow
Province of Leinster,
Republic of Ireland

Antrim
Province of Ulster,
Northern Ireland

Armagh
Province of Ulster,
Northern Ireland

Down
Province of Ulster,
Northern Ireland

Fermanagh
Province of Ulster,
Northern Ireland

Londonderry
Province of Ulster,
Northern Ireland

Tyrone
Province of Ulster,
Northern Ireland