Women in PA

What Our Towns Pay: Only one woman ranks among the top 100 in pay

Posted in In the News, Women in PA on August 20th, 2015 by admin – Be the first to comment

By Liam Migdail-Smith  

All but one of the 100 local municipal employees who earned six figures in 2014 were men. Reading Managing Director Carole Snyder was the only woman to make the top 100. 

“I’m not surprised by that because it reflects what goes on in the corporate world too,” said Jennie Sweet-Cushman, assistant director of the Pennsylvania Center for Women and Politics at Chatham University.

 

The trend is that women hold most middle-management positions but are under-represented in top jobs, she said. Having more women at the helm in public administration adds a different perspective.

 

“If you’re dealing with community decisions you think in terms of: How does this accommodate women with young children? How does this accommodate people caring for elderly relatives?” Sweet-Cushman said.

 

Contributing to the gap locally: 90 of the top 100 municipal earners worked for police departments.

 

A 2014 survey by the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics found that nationally, women make up only 12.4 of patrol officers, 15.9 percent of supervising officers and 21 percent of criminal investigators.

 

Nationally, there has been a focus on the gender skew in police forces as advocates look to close the pay gap between men and women.

 

A 2012 report by the White House’s Equal Pay Task Force identified occupational segregation — a system of “men’s jobs” that pay more than “women’s jobs” — as a major driver of pay differences.

Last year, the U.S. Department of Justice sued the Pennsylvania State Police, alleging its fitness test is skewed in favor of male applicants. The state is fighting the suit, saying its test is not biased and that the claims are based on faulty logic.

Research by the National Center for Women & Policing, which advocates for more women in law enforcement, found that gender-biased recruiting and hiring practices contribute to the underrepresentation of women. Efforts to recruit women often are stymied by harassment or discrimination female officers can face, the group says.

Read more at readingeagle.com

Kane scandal casts cloud on other female politicians:’It’s such a blow to women’

Posted in In the News, Women in PA on August 20th, 2015 by admin – Be the first to comment

The criminal charges against Kathleen Kane are unlikely to stall the success of other women candidates, but it does hurt, politicians say.

“I hate to see public officials do things that violate the public trust because it looks bad for everyone. Bonusgate affected all of us, even though it was all men. We were all affected equally,” said Bev Mackereth, a former House Republican from York County and previous Department of Human Services secretary.

She is now a senior government affairs specialist for the Ridge Policy Group.

Sen. Pat Vance, R-Cumberland, is hoping Mackereth is right and Kane’s crisis doesn’t specifically reflect poorly on women.

“I felt very badly when she was charged, even though we’re not in the same political party, because it’s such a blow to women,” she said.

While Vance, who has held elected office for nearly 40 years, said the quality of a candidate matters more than gender, she agreed that men in politics often are viewed differently than women.

“Maybe because there are so few of us,” Vance said.

“There are a lot of very good people in public service. Unfortunately, the good ones don’t always make headlines,” she added.

If there’s an unfair spotlight on women in politics, it could be because there are so few women in politics – especially in Pennsylvania, according to Dana Brown, executive director at the Pennsylvania Center for Women and Politics.

The state has never sent a woman to represent Pennsylvania in the U.S. Senate, and there are no women among the 20 people who represent the state in the congressional delegation.

Just 45 women sit among the 253 elected officials in the state Legislature, though 52 percent of the voters are women.

The state has never elected a woman governor, and the late Catherine Baker Knollwas the only woman to serve as lieutenant governor.

Kane is the only woman who holds a statewide elected office, other than judges.

For the Pennsylvania attorney general to rebound from this political scandal, she has to first avoid conviction, said Kelly Dittmar, a scholar at the Center for American Women and Politics and assistant professor of political science at Rutgers University – Camden.

“Politics is still a man’s world. Breaking through is not easy for women, especially when a scandal hurts a woman’s stereotypical advantage,” she said.

That advantage is trust and integrity. Women candidates are assumed to be more trustworthy than men, and voters think twice when that trust is broken.

Research shows ethics and likability matter more for women than men, according to Dittmar.

 

Read more at pennlive.com

Women finding success in statewide judge votes

Posted in In the News, Women in PA on April 14th, 2015 by admin – Be the first to comment

April 12, 2015 12:00 AM

By Chris Potter/Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

 

There are 24 judges sitting on the state Superior Court and Commonwealth Court: 17 of them are women. And depending on the outcome of this year’s Supreme Court race, women could end up holding a majority of elected judgeships on all three statewide appeal courts.

What does that mean for the political status of women in Pennsylvania, where they have a notoriously hard time winning elected office?

“I think it means maybe I should run for Superior Court judge,” said Susan Frietsche, a lawyer with the Women’s Law Project.

Observers cite several reasons for why women have had so much success in such contests. For starters, there’s a steady supply of candidates: Women have made up a majority of law-school graduates since the early 1990s, noted Heather Arnet, who heads the Women and Girls Project.

Judicial candidates also rarely have to overcome the advantages of incumbency, like superior name recognition and fundraising, that officeholders enjoy in other branches of government. (Once elected, incumbent judges only have to run for retention — a straight-up-or-down vote — every 10 years, until they retire or are removed.)

“Female candidates do well in open races, where they aren’t competing against traditional party support,” said Ms. Arnet.

But even in judicial races, that’s more true in some cases than others.

“Pennsylvanians will tell you that women do well in judicial races, but it’s really only on those intermediate statewide courts,” said Dana Brown, executive director of Chatham University’s Pennsylvania Center for Women and Politics.

Women do much worse when running at the county level, she said: Once those seats are considered, women hold just over one in four seats on the Pennsylvania bench — barely an improvement over the legislature, where one in five officeholders are female.

“There’s something unique happening on the statewide level,” Ms. Brown said. “It’s really a puzzle.”

Read more at the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Run, she said: Cokie Roberts on the dearth of women in politics

Posted in In the News, Women in PA on April 3rd, 2015 by admin – Be the first to comment

Chatham University’s Pennsylvania Center for Women and Politics did Pittsburghers a favor Wednesday by bringing to the city author and journalist Cokie Roberts.

Ms. Roberts — formally Mary Martha Corinne Morrison Claiborne Boggs Roberts (her brother couldn’t pronounce “Corinne,” so she became “Cokie”) — is a senior news analyst for National Public Radio and the author or co-author of five books. From Louisiana, Ms. Roberts’ family was American political royalty. Her father, Hale Boggs, was a U.S. House majority leader and her mother, Lindy Boggs, was a House member for 18 years and U.S. ambassador to the Vatican.

Her topic in a speech was consistent with a goal of the organization that invited her to Pittsburgh, that the United States would benefit from greater participation by women in elected political life at the national, state and local levels. Ms. Roberts quoted Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid, who said that body “is so much better because of women … they have changed the dynamic of the Senate.” Although women now occupy 20 of the seats in the 100-person chamber, that’s still a small percentage since they make up half the population.

Ms. Roberts noted that Pennsylvania’s record is particularly weak. The state has a 20-member congressional delegation — two senators, 18 House members and none of them female. “Run,” she urged women in the audience.

Read More at the Post-Gazette.com

Pennsylvania has a dearth of female political leaders

Posted in In the News, Women in PA on March 18th, 2015 by admin – Be the first to comment

It is Women’s History Month and we have much to celebrate. Women continue to enlarge their roles as advocates, inventors, entrepreneurs, educators, journalists and scientists — and the list goes on.

But not one woman belongs to Pennsylvania’s 20-member congressional delegation. Only one woman serves in an elected statewide office, Attorney General Kathleen Kane. Pennsylvania has never elected a woman governor or U.S. senator. Pennsylvania’s Legislature has plateaued in the proportion of women representing the state at 17.8 percent (45 women out of 253 seats). Only 27 percent of our judges are women. Women make up only 19 percent of municipal executives.

There are bright spots locally in Pittsburgh City Council (four of nine districts are represented by women) and Allegheny County Council (women occupy five of 15 seats, both district and at-large).

These may be surprising statistics to many, given that girls and young women not only have closed the gender gap in educational achievement, they have pulled ahead. According to the U.S. Department of Education, women now are earning nearly 60 percent of bachelor degrees.

Girls and young women also rank ahead of their male counterparts on many indicators of civic engagement, including volunteering, voting and membership in community associations. Higher Education Research Institute surveys show that female college students spend more time than male students helping others in need and take more courses that involve community service. Women are overrepresented in service programs such as AmeriCorps and Teach for America.

These achievements in education and love for public service have not closed the gender gap in electoral politics, however. The Higher Education Research Institute also found that male students were more likely to say they have worked with political organizations and expressed their political opinions by contacting elected officials or members of the media. So, while college women are outperforming college men on a number of civic-engagement measures, they are falling short on turning that engagement into political service.

The relative dearth of women serving in public office and of young women interested in electoral politics is worrisome. And that is why the Pennsylvania Center for Women and Politics at Chatham University seeks to educate and empower women for public leadership.

Read more at www.post-gazette.com

Ready to Run Helps Women Candidates Prepare for the 2015 Municipal Elections

Posted in In the News, Press Release, Women in PA on January 22nd, 2015 by admin – Be the first to comment

PITTSBURGH: To help address historically low levels of representation of women in Pennsylvania government, The Pennsylvania Center for Women and Politics (PCWP) at Chatham University is holdings its 4th annual Ready to Run™ Campaign Training for Women on Saturday, January 31st at Chatham University in Pittsburgh.

According to PCWP data, at the state and local government level women comprise only:

• 17.8 percent of state legislators (representatives and senators)
• 19 percent of municipal executives (e.g. mayors)
• 37.5 percent of county officials (e.g. councilmembers, etc.)
• 35 percent of elected school board members
• 27 percent of the state’s more than 1300 various elected judicial offices

At the same time, there is only one woman serving as a statewide elected official and none at all in the state’s congressional delegation. Research shows that when women run, they win at the same rates as men. If the state is going to increase the number of women holding public office, it needs more women candidates.

“The 2015 municipal election primary will be held May 19th, and the final day to file to appear on the ballot is March 10th. This is the first step to November, where many local offices are on the ballot in the statewide municipal election. These local elective offices touch so many important aspects of our everyday lives—from education policy to public transportation to taxes. With Ready to Run™, we want to make sure women are ready to take a seat at the table at all levels of government” states PCWP Executive Director, Dana Brown.

The 2015 Ready to Run™ training is $65. This year’s training includes a special pre-conference networking and informational event: “Women of Color in Pennsylvania Politics” from 6-8 p.m. Friday, January 30th, which is included in the cost of the workshop. Information and registration atwww.chatham.edu/readytorun.

The PCWP supports women considering seeking elective office with the Ready to Run™ Campaign Training for Women programs. Since 2012, the PCWP has hosted these bi-partisan campaign trainings in both Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, giving women with an interest in seeking political office the education, insights, and skills they need to embark on a successful campaign.

More than 250 women have participated in the Ready to Run™ program in Pennsylvania in the past three years the program has been offered. In 2014 alone, the program had 23 alumnae who sought various offices in the 2014 primary and general elections, including state legislators and several congressional candidates. Many program alumnae pursued a start in partisan politics by seeking a spot on their party’s state committee.

“We know that running for office is not always intuitive, which is why the Ready to Run™ program exists: to demystify the process and give women the knowledge, tools, and confidence they need to be well-prepared for the challenge,” PCWP Executive Director Dana Brown said. “It is a powerful head start.”

For more information about the PCWP at Chatham University or Ready to Run™ Campaign Training for Women, please contact Dana Brown, Executive Director at 412-365-2725 or dbrown@chatham.edu.

Why aren’t more women serving in the PA Legislature

Posted in In the News, Women in PA on January 8th, 2015 by admin – Be the first to comment

By Jan Murphy | jmurphy@pennlive.com 

Pennsylvania is the sixth most populous state yet it ranks 39th in the nation for the percentage of women elected to its state Legislature.

Why don’t more women run for Legislature? Here is what some midstate female legislators have to say about that:

Rep. Mauree Gingrich, R-Cleona, who is beginning her seventh two-year term in the House: “So many things have changed for women over the years. There are more opportunities for women to be effective and develop professionally and choose career paths that were not always available to women. Our job is to make this opportunity at this level in public service more attractive. My concern is women who are highly educated and generally talented and intellectually capable are not choosing to serve.”

Rep. Sheryl Delozier, R-Lower Allen Twp., a four-term incumbent: “It can be intimidating for women – and men – to run. But in many cases, trying to get women to put their name on the ballot is little more difficult but it’s doable.”

Read more at Pennlive.com

Women Make a Big Difference in Business and Politics

Posted in In the News, Press Release, Women in PA on November 20th, 2014 by admin – Be the first to comment

A recent online survey conducted by the National Association of the Self-Employed revealed that 86 percent of the women business owners questioned plan to vote today.

As leaders of the Center for Women’s Entrepreneurship and the Pennsylvania Center for Women and Politics, both at Chatham University’s Women’s Institute, we are not surprised by this statistic. Women in business are keenly interested in government because it impacts both their personal and professional lives.

While the survey is focused on businesswomen, an overall gender gap in voter turnout has characterized every presidential election since 1980. In 2012, 63.7 percent of eligible women in the country voted, compared to 59.8 percent of eligible men, according to the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University. Candidates know that women have the power to decide elections.

While women are strong performers in the voting booth, they do not run our governments at an equal rate to men. Those who lead us are overwhelmingly white and male. In Pennsylvania’s Legislature and the U.S. Congress, 82 percent of elected leaders are male. Pennsylvania has never elected a woman governor or U.S. senator.

The Women Donors Network found that, of 42,000 elected positions across the nation, ranging from local counties up through Congress, only 29 percent are held by women, even though women make up 51 percent of the population. So, while women have power at the ballot box, it is not translating into power in representation.

This paucity of representation matters. Studies have shown that the presence of women in legislatures makes a difference. Women are more likely to work in a bipartisan manner, more likely to bring new issues to the policy agenda, more likely to use cooperative language in deliberation and more likely to increase government transparency. These effects are believed to result in policy outcomes more inclusive of the entire population.

Meanwhile, the number of women-owned businesses has increased nationally by 68 percent since 1997, a rate one and a half times the national average. The growth of these firms also is higher than that of all other privately held businesses during this time period. Census data nevertheless indicate that, while women-owned businesses represent about 50 percent of privately held companies in the United States, most of them (75 percent) reach only up to $50,000 in annual gross revenues. Only 2.6 percent reported more than $1 million in annual revenues, compared to 6 percent of men-owned firms.

Read More at post-gazette.com

5 reasons why there aren’t more women in politics and business

Posted in In the News, Women in PA on November 20th, 2014 by admin – Be the first to comment

Dana Brown, executive director of the Pennsylvania Center for Women and Politics at Chatham University, contributed to this article.

The ballots have been cast and counted. The voting polls have been packed up and volunteers have gone back to their day jobs. Political signs are coming down and commentaries are beginning to turn to different topics. But one aspect of politics continues to exist: The paucity of women in elective office.

A study done by the Women Donors Network, a national advocacy organization, notes that of 42,000 elected positions across the nation, ranging from local counties up through Congress, 29 percent of the positions are held by women — even though women make up 51 percent of the population.

The 2014 midterm election garnered attention with notable firsts for women in politics, including the first woman elected to Congress from Iowa (Joni Ernst), the first Republican black woman elected to Congress (Mia Love), and the first time we have 100 women serving in Congress due to a special election in North Carolina (Alma Adams was sworn in on Wednesday).

Yet, the influence and inclusion of women in politics is far from overwhelming.

From politics to business

The reason why the lack of women holding political office is significant is the same reason that the lack of women in the C-suite is significant. When more women hold top positions in politics and business, everyone benefits.

Studies show that women in political office tend to work in more a bipartisan manner and are more likely than their male counterparts to bring new issues and perspectives to the policy agenda. Female elected officials are also known to increase government transparency.

Read More at bizjournals.com

2014 Midterm Leaves Pennsylvania with No Women in Congress

Posted in In the News, Press Release, Women in PA on November 20th, 2014 by admin – Be the first to comment

PCWP Report: 2014 Midterm Leaves Pennsylvania with No Women in Congress

PITTSBURGH—The Pennsylvania Center for Women in Politics (PCWP)at Chatham University reports that in the wake of the 2014-midterm elections, the U.S. Congress has reached an important milestone where 100 women will serve in the U.S. House of Representatives (the first time in U.S. History) and twenty women (a record set in 2012) will likely continue to serve in the U.S. Senate. However, none of these women will be representing the state of Pennsylvania.

A handful of other states also have no women in their delegation, but Pennsylvania is the most populous. The absence of women is counter to a national trend that has seen an increase in the number of women running and winning congressional offices in states all over the country. The 2014 mid-term elections saw Iowa elect its state’s first woman to Congress, Republican Joni Ernst, and in 2012, New Hampshire famously elected an entirely all-female delegation.

While women challenged incumbents in six of the state’s 18 U.S. House Districts, none of them were successful. Democrat Allyson Schwartz, who was the lone woman in the state’s congressional delegation, chose to (unsuccessfully) seek her party’s nomination for governor rather than seek re-election to Congress. Pennsylvania’s two U.S. Senators are men.

“Unfortunately, Pennsylvania will not be sending any women as part of its congressional delegation to Washington. While women are 51% of the population they will not be present at the congressional table. This matters not just for the sake of democracy, but it may have policy implications, as we know that women bring different perspective to governing,” said Pennsylvania Center for Women and Politics Executive Director Dana Brown.

In Pennsylvania’s General Assembly, levels of women’s representation remained stagnant. In the state Senate, three incumbents—Christine Tartaglione (D-2nd), Lisa Boscola (D-18th), and Lisa Baker (R-20th)—retained their seats. Current state representative Michele Brooks (R-17th) successfully ran for an open seat in the senate and a fifth woman, newcomer Camera Bartolotta (R-46th) successfully challenged incumbent Senator Tim Solobay. Five additional women, all Democrats, were defeated in their bids.

In the House, 68 women candidates were on the ballot—42 Democrats, 25 Republicans, and one Libertarian. Of these, the Republican women fared much better, as 22 of the 25 were successful. Brown noted, “While the Democratic gubernatorial candidate Tom Wolf won by a large margin, this support did not translate to Democrats farther down the ballot. Republican candidates in Pennsylvania seem to have continued the trend that we saw nationally, in which female GOP candidates also did well.” Only 14 of the 42 Democrats won their races. As a result, the incoming General Assembly will continue to have one of the lowest levels of women’s representation in the country—a mere 17.8%. There will be nine women in State’s Senate (currently eight) and 36 (currently 37) in the State House.

Brown emphasized the importance of encouraging women of both parties to seek political office, “The key is to have more women candidates running for office at all levels in Pennsylvania. By doing so, PA will have a stronger pipeline of potential women candidates to run for higher office.”

Research shows that when women run, they win at the same rates as men. Thus, if the state is going to increase the number of women holding public office, it needs more women candidates. The Pennsylvania Center for Women and Politics supports women considering seeking elective office with the Ready to Run™ Campaign Training For Women programs. Since 2012, the PCWP has hosted these campaign trainings in both Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, giving women with an interest in seeking political office the education, insights, and skills they need to embark on a successful campaign. The next training will be held January 31, 2015 at Chatham University in Pittsburgh.

For more information about the PCWP at Chatham University or Ready to Run™ Campaign Training for Women, visit www.chatham.edu/pcwp/ or please contact Dana Brown, Executive Director at 412-365-2725 or dbrown@chatham.edu.