Chatham University

Biology Curriculum

Biology includes the study of the structure, function, and interactions of living organisms at multiple levels; it is a field that is evolving rapidly. This major provides students with a broad interdisciplinary base in scientific knowledge combined with an in-depth exploration of one of three areas of biology. Course and career preparation in areas including pre-professional, medical and health-related, and environmental biology are covered in the program. The B.A. degree is appropriate for students who want to demonstrate their capability in biology, but also want to explore related areas like teaching.

Program Requirements

+Major Requirements (BA and BS Degrees)

All biology majors must complete IND 350, BIO 498 and 499, and at least two biology courses with a laboratory component at Chatham University.

+Major Requirements (BA)

17 courses, including:

BIO143 The Cell

This course is designed to provide a broad overview of current biological concepts, including cell structure, function, division, and basic genetics. Biologically important molecules also are presented. This course is a prerequisite for all upper-level biology courses. Three hours of class

3
BIO143L Lab: The Cell

Experiments to complement the material presented in BIO143. Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO143. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
BIO144 The Organism

This course provides a general survey of animals and plants at the organismic level, with emphasis on their evolution and various physiological processes such as respiration, circulation, digestion, and reproduction. This course is a prerequisite for all upper-level biology courses. Three hours of class.

3
BIO144L Lab: The Organism

Experiments to complement the material presented in BIO144. Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO144. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fees.

1
BIO490 Integrative Capstone

The integrative capstone , undertaken by the student during the senior year, is an extended project that helps the student complete their transition from an undergraduate student to a world-ready professional.  The study usually centers on the student’s major and may be conducted, at least in part, in the context of a group experience.  Such programs are crafted to meet the unique needs of each major, and could include, for example, fieldwork, theatre production, creative work in the arts, independent research, or independent readings. The integrative capstone in an interdisciplinary major must have the approval of both academic programs.  

3
CHM107 Chemistry I

This class begins with a study of atomic structure, then expands to cover chemical naming, patterns of reactivity, thermochemistry, the interaction of light and matter, atomic orbitals, ionic and covalent bonding, and molecular shapes. This class concludes with an introduction to organic chemistry and biochemistry. Three hours of lecture per week. Co-requisite: CHM 109

3
CHM108 Chemistry II

The second semester of general chemistry continues exploring the structure, properties, and bonding of atoms and molecules, with emphasis on the physical characteristics of gases, liquids, solids and solutions, chemical equilibria, thermodynamics, and kinetics. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite(s): CHM 105 or 107; Corequisite: CHM 110.

3
CHM109 Chemistry I Laboratory

Introduction to the basic experimental procedures and laboratory techniques in chemistry. Experiments are correlated with the lectures in Chemistry 105 and Chemistry 107. Three hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: CHM 105 or 107. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
CHM110 Chemistry II Laboratory

Continued introduction to the basic experimental procedures and laboratory techniques in chemistry. Experiments are correlated with lectures in Chemistry 108. Three hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: CHM 108. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
IND350 Scientific Research Methods

This course serves as an introduction to research literature and research methodology in the sciences. Students prepare a research proposal including literature review, experimental design and methods, budget, timetable, and bibliography. Other topics include professional presentation techniques and research ethics. The student's major department must approve proposals prior to the Tutorial. Prerequisite(s): Junior status and completion of at least two courses at the 200-level or above in the major, or permission of the instructor.

2
INTBIO303 Internship - Biology

3
MTH110 Elementary Statistics

Topics include statistical measures and distributions, decision making under uncertainty, application of probability to statistical inference, linear correlation, introduction to nonparametric statistical methods, and application to problems drawn from the natural and social sciences. Three hours of class per week. Three hours of class per week.

3
MTH108 Precalculus

Development of essential skills in algebra and trigonometry. Topics include the coordinate system, functions and their graphs, solutions of equations and inequalities, introduction to transcendental functions, trigonometric functions and their graphs, trigonometric identities, and the historical and cultural significance of mathematics. .

3
4 additional courses selected from biology numbered 200 or above; at least 3 of these must have a laboratory component, and at least 1 of the courses with a laboratory component must be numbered 300 or above.

+Major Requirements (BS)

All B.S. biology majors must complete the set of core courses in addition to the courses in one of the three available concentration areas listed below.

Core of 13 courses, including:
BIO143 The Cell

This course is designed to provide a broad overview of current biological concepts, including cell structure, function, division, and basic genetics. Biologically important molecules also are presented. This course is a prerequisite for all upper-level biology courses. Three hours of class

3
BIO143L Lab: The Cell

Experiments to complement the material presented in BIO143. Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO143. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
BIO144 The Organism

This course provides a general survey of animals and plants at the organismic level, with emphasis on their evolution and various physiological processes such as respiration, circulation, digestion, and reproduction. This course is a prerequisite for all upper-level biology courses. Three hours of class.

3
BIO144L Lab: The Organism

Experiments to complement the material presented in BIO144. Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO144. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fees.

1
BIO490 Integrative Capstone

The integrative capstone , undertaken by the student during the senior year, is an extended project that helps the student complete their transition from an undergraduate student to a world-ready professional.  The study usually centers on the student’s major and may be conducted, at least in part, in the context of a group experience.  Such programs are crafted to meet the unique needs of each major, and could include, for example, fieldwork, theatre production, creative work in the arts, independent research, or independent readings. The integrative capstone in an interdisciplinary major must have the approval of both academic programs.  

3
CHM107 Chemistry I

This class begins with a study of atomic structure, then expands to cover chemical naming, patterns of reactivity, thermochemistry, the interaction of light and matter, atomic orbitals, ionic and covalent bonding, and molecular shapes. This class concludes with an introduction to organic chemistry and biochemistry. Three hours of lecture per week. Co-requisite: CHM 109

3
CHM109 Chemistry I Laboratory

Introduction to the basic experimental procedures and laboratory techniques in chemistry. Experiments are correlated with the lectures in Chemistry 105 and Chemistry 107. Three hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: CHM 105 or 107. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
CHM108 Chemistry II

The second semester of general chemistry continues exploring the structure, properties, and bonding of atoms and molecules, with emphasis on the physical characteristics of gases, liquids, solids and solutions, chemical equilibria, thermodynamics, and kinetics. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite(s): CHM 105 or 107; Corequisite: CHM 110.

3
CHM110 Chemistry II Laboratory

Continued introduction to the basic experimental procedures and laboratory techniques in chemistry. Experiments are correlated with lectures in Chemistry 108. Three hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: CHM 108. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
IND350 Scientific Research Methods

This course serves as an introduction to research literature and research methodology in the sciences. Students prepare a research proposal including literature review, experimental design and methods, budget, timetable, and bibliography. Other topics include professional presentation techniques and research ethics. The student's major department must approve proposals prior to the Tutorial. Prerequisite(s): Junior status and completion of at least two courses at the 200-level or above in the major, or permission of the instructor.

2
INTBIO303 Internship - Biology

3
MTH110 Elementary Statistics

Topics include statistical measures and distributions, decision making under uncertainty, application of probability to statistical inference, linear correlation, introduction to nonparametric statistical methods, and application to problems drawn from the natural and social sciences. Three hours of class per week. Three hours of class per week.

3
Note: Students in the Human Biology track may substitute PSY 213 for MTH 110

+Area I: Human Biology

This track is designed for students interested in human biology and its application to allied health care professions (e.g., physician assistant studies, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and nursing.) This curriculum is also appropriate for students who wish to enter law, public health, and health policy fields with a strong science background. It contains 11 courses, including:

BIO123 Nutrition

An introduction to nutrients, their composition, functions, and sources. Human physiology, including digestion, metabolism, and excretion, is covered, along with special nutritional needs throughout the life cycle. Integrated with this basic information are special topics pertaining to diets, organic foods, preservatives, pesticides, world hunger, and other current concerns. Two hours of lecture per week.

2
BIO123L Lab: Nutrition

Laboratory course emphasizing nutrition. Experiments will correlate with and enhance the lectures in BIO 123. Two hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite(s): Co-requisite or Prerequisite BIO 123. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
BIO131 Human Genetics

This course is designed to help students understand issues in genetic research and biotechnology. Topics include pedigrees, birth defects, cancer, and the creation of transgenic animals. Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per week. Additonal Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

2
BIO131L Human Genetics Laboratory

Laboratory course emphasizing human genetics. Experiments wil correlate with and enhance the lecture in BIO131. Two hours of laborary per week. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
BIO201 Anatomy

This course introduces students to the basic concepts of anatomy. Lectures emphasize the human body and clinical applications of anatomy. They focus on anatomical terminology, gross structures, body movements, forming a three-dimensional mental image of body parts, and functional understanding of normal structures. Three hours of class per week. Prerequisites: BIO143 and 144.

3
BIO201L Lab: Anatomy

Laboratory experiements emphasizing comparative anatomy between humnas nad other animals. Three hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO201. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fees.

2
BIO209 Basic Neuroscience

This course is designed for wide appeal. It is an introduction to structure and function of the brain and spinal cord, and how nerves function and communicate. The basics of movement, sensation, language, emotion, and consciousness are discussed. Emphasis is placed on contrasting normal function with altered function in diseases. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite(s): BIO 143 and 144

3
BIO221 General Microbiology

The study of fundamental characteristics of bacteria and related microorganisms, including taxonomy, physiology, and distribution. Three class meetings per week. Prerequisite(s): Chemistry 108 and 110.

3
BIO221L Lab: General Microbiology

Experiments to complement the material in BIO221. Four hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO221. Addtional Fee(s): Laboratory fees.

2
BIO302 Physiology

This course introduces students to the basic concepts of physiology. The lectures will emphasize chemical principles, cellular biological principles, and a survey of the nervous, endocrine, immune, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, excretory, respiratory, and digestive systems. The laboratory will emphasize comparative physiology between humans and other animals. Three hours of class per week.

3
BIO302L Physiology Lab

Laboratory experiments emphasizing comparative physiology between human and other animals. Three hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIO201L. Corequisite or Prerequisite: BIO302. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fees.

2
BIO419 Immunology

This course covers fundamental principles of immunology with emphasis on molecular and cellular immunology, including antigen and antibody structure and function, effector mechanisms, complement, major histocompatibility compleses, and the cellular basis for the immune response. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisitie(s): BIO221 or BIO302

3
OR
BIO458 Histology

A microscopic analysis of human and animal tissue and organ function at the cellular level. Material comes from text book, lecture, images and animations in addition to practical application and identification of histological specimens. Recommended for students planning to apply to professional schools of medicine, veterinary medicine, or dentistry. Prerequisites: BIO143 and 144 and CHM107 and 109, senior status or permission of instructor.

3
MTH151 Calculus I

This is the first course in the calculus sequence. Topics include differential and integral calculus for algebraic and trigonometirc functions with applications. Four hours of class per week.

4
Plus one 3 credit elective (PSY 340, PSY 341, or a 200+ course in biology) approved by the advisor
Note: Students interested in physical therapy should also take MTH 151 and PHY 251, 252, 255, and 256.

+Area 2: Envioronmental Science

This track is designed for students interested in public or private sector careers in ecology, natural resource management, or environmental sciences, or who wish to enter graduate programs related to ecological and/or environmental sciences. It contains 9 required courses:

BIO248 Ecology

A study of the interrelation between organisms and their environment. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite(s): BIO 143 and 144.

3
BIO248L Lab: Ecology

Experiments to complement the material presented in BIO248. Four hours of laboratory or field experience per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO248. Additional Fee (s): Laboratory fee.

2
BIO224 Botany

An introduction to the structure and function of plants. Topics include the evolutionary rise of green plants, plant life cycles and development, plant physiology, plant ecology, and the morphology and taxonomy of vascular plants. The importance of plants fro humans is discussed, including their use for food and medicine. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite(s): BIO 143 and 144.

3
BIO224L Lab: Botany

Experiments to complement the material presented in BIO224. Four hours of laboratory or flield experience per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO224. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fees.

2
BIO226 Toxicology

An introduction to toxic substances, their classification, entry into living systems, modes of action, and fate. Various living systems are considered, from the subcellular to the ecosystem level. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite(s): BIO143 and 144, and CHM 109 and 110

3
BIO303 Applied and Environmental Microbiology

This course will focus on the importance of microorganisms in environmental and industrial processes, and the role of scientific research in finding solutions to applied problems. Areas that will be covered include basic microbiology, soil and water microbiology, agricultural and food microbiology, and public health microbiology.

3
BIO303L Microbiology Lab 2

To be determined

2
CHM205 Organic Chemistry I

Development of the structural theory of organic compounds. Relationship of structure to reactivity, stereochemistry, types of organic reactive intermediates, and the chemistry of alkanes, alkenes, and aromatic compounds are covered. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite(s): CHM 108 and 110; Co-requisite: CHM 215.

3
CHM215 Elementary Organic Laboratory

Basic manipulative skills, including introduction to several chromatographic techniques, are followed by chemistry of alkenes and aromatic compounds. Four hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite(s): CHM 205. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

2
ENV129 Our Fragile Earth: A Scientific Perspective

This course introduces students to a wide range of environmental issues from a scientific perspective. Specific topics vary from year to year, but this course utilizes lectures, discussions, laboratories, guest speakers and field trips to increase knowledge about environmental problems as well as increase scientific knowledge and literacy.

3
ENV129L Our Fragile Earth Lab

This lab offers hands-on opportunity to perform basic environmental lab skills, including sater testing, bioassay, and greenhouse experiment protocol. The course may be taken independently oas a freestanding environmental lab course. Two hours of laboratory per week. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
ENV247 Environmental Geology 

To be determined

3
ENV247L Environmental Geology Lab

To be determined

1
ENV327 Writing about Environmental Science

This course is designed for students with some basic scientific skills, who might become scientists professionally, but all of whom will be communicating about science, often to non-scientists. In this course, we will read, discuss, and practice a variety of methods of communicating about environmental science, from popular culture to news to government reports. Students will competently translate scientific results into written journalistic English and will be able to evaluate scientific results from the news in terms of its scientific accuracy and clarity. Cross-listed as ENG327. Prerequisite: any 200-level ENV course or permission of the instructor.

3
ENV451 Soil Science

Study of soils as natural bodies, media for plant growth, and ecosystem components. Topics include soil morphology and characteristics, composition, formation, conservation, and soil erosion. Physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils are related to the production of plants, the functioning of hydrologic and nutrient cycles, and the protection of environmental qulaity. Cross-listed as LNS 551 Prerequisite(s): ENV 129 or equivalent, or permission of instructor.

3

+Area 3: Cell and Molecular Biology

This track is designed for students who plan to enter a biological sciences graduate program or professional medical program (e.g., medicine, dentistry, veterinary sciences), and for those interested in career paths in biotechnology, biomedical research, and related areas. It contains 12 courses, including:

BIO231 Cell and Molecular Biology

A lecture course covering the organelles and activities of cells. Topics include the structure of proteins and other biomolecules, bioenergetics and enzymes, membranes, the mitochondrion, the chloroplast, the endo-membrane system, the cytoskeleton, and the nucleus and cellular reproduction. Prerequisite(s): BIO143 and 144, and CHM 109 and 110

3
BIO408 Developmental Biology

A study of the embryonic and post-embryonic development of animals, with special emphasis on humans. The morphogenesis, growth and mechanisms of differentiation are stressed. Other topics include cancer, regeneration, cloning, hormones as mediators of development, and developmental genetics. Prerequisite(s): on 200-level Biology course.

3
BIO417 Genetics

This study of the modern concepts of the gene stresses theory and experimental evidence relating to the structure of the gene, heritability of characteristics, and the behavior of genes in populations. Three hours of lecture per week.Prerequisite(s): BIO 143 and 144, and CHM 205 and 215. Statistics recommended.

3
BIO438 Biochemistry I

This course covers the structure and functions of proteins, polynucleic acids, and biological membranes. Enzymes and kinetics are taught. Metabolic pathways, with emphasis on the thermodynamics of the equilibria and the storage and usage of energy, are covered. Prerequisite(s): CHM 206 or permission of the instructor.

3
OR
BIO458 Histology

A microscopic analysis of human and animal tissue and organ function at the cellular level. Material comes from text book, lecture, images and animations in addition to practical application and identification of histological specimens. Recommended for students planning to apply to professional schools of medicine, veterinary medicine, or dentistry. Prerequisites: BIO143 and 144 and CHM107 and 109, senior status or permission of instructor.

3
BIO440 Macromolecule Laboratory

An advanced laboratory course for junior and senior science majors who wish to gain theoretical and practical experience with the techniques and equipment commonly used in the fields of cellular biology, molecular biology, and biochemistry. Topics include PCR, electrophoresis, enzyme kinetics, aseptic cell and tissue culture, cell surafce receptors, and molecular modeling. Five-hour laboratory with one-hour pre-lab lecture each week. Cross-listed as CHM340. Prerequisite(s): BIO 231 or CHM 438; Co-requisite BIO 331, or permission of the instructor. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

2
CHM205 Organic Chemistry I

Development of the structural theory of organic compounds. Relationship of structure to reactivity, stereochemistry, types of organic reactive intermediates, and the chemistry of alkanes, alkenes, and aromatic compounds are covered. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite(s): CHM 108 and 110; Co-requisite: CHM 215.

3
CHM215 Elementary Organic Laboratory

Basic manipulative skills, including introduction to several chromatographic techniques, are followed by chemistry of alkenes and aromatic compounds. Four hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite(s): CHM 205. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

2
MTH151 Calculus I

This is the first course in the calculus sequence. Topics include differential and integral calculus for algebraic and trigonometirc functions with applications. Four hours of class per week.

4
PHY251 Principles of Physics I

Introduction to the concepts, laws, and structure of physics. This is the first course in a calculus-based sequence that focuses on classical mechanics. Topics include vector analysis, kinematics, Newton’s laws, work, conservation of energy and momentum, collisions, gravity, harmonic motion, and wave phenomena. Prerequisite(s) or Corequisite: MTH 151.

4
PHY252 Principles of Physics II

Introduction to the concepts, laws, and structure of physics. The second course in a calculus-based physics sequence. Topics include thermodynamics, fluids, electricity, circuit analysis, magnetism, Maxwell’s equations, properties of light, and optics. Four hours of class per week.

Prerequisite(s): PHY 251

4
PHY255 Physics Laboratory I

Experimental techniques of classical mechanical physics. Three hours of laboratory per week.

Prerequisite(s): PHY 251

Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
PHY256 Physics Laboratory II

Experimental techniques of classical physics with applications to electricity, magnetism, sound, and optics. Three hours per week.

Prerequisite or Corequisite: PHY 252.

Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
Note: students interested in medical programs should also take MTH152 Calculus, CHM 206 Organic Chemistry II and CHM 216 Organic Chemistry II Laboratory

+Botany Minor

Botany, or plant biology, is the scientific study of plants, from algae to giant sequoia trees. A minor in botany is ideal for students who wish to supplement their studies in some other discipline with a concentrated study of plant life. 19 credits, including:

BIO143 The Cell

This course is designed to provide a broad overview of current biological concepts, including cell structure, function, division, and basic genetics. Biologically important molecules also are presented. This course is a prerequisite for all upper-level biology courses. Three hours of class

3
BIO143L Lab: The Cell

Experiments to complement the material presented in BIO143. Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO143. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
BIO144 The Organism

This course provides a general survey of animals and plants at the organismic level, with emphasis on their evolution and various physiological processes such as respiration, circulation, digestion, and reproduction. This course is a prerequisite for all upper-level biology courses. Three hours of class.

3
BIO144L Lab: The Organism

Experiments to complement the material presented in BIO144. Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO144. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fees.

1
BIO224 Botany

An introduction to the structure and function of plants. Topics include the evolutionary rise of green plants, plant life cycles and development, plant physiology, plant ecology, and the morphology and taxonomy of vascular plants. The importance of plants fro humans is discussed, including their use for food and medicine. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite(s): BIO 143 and 144.

3
CHM107 Chemistry I

This class begins with a study of atomic structure, then expands to cover chemical naming, patterns of reactivity, thermochemistry, the interaction of light and matter, atomic orbitals, ionic and covalent bonding, and molecular shapes. This class concludes with an introduction to organic chemistry and biochemistry. Three hours of lecture per week. Co-requisite: CHM 109

3
CHM108 Chemistry II

The second semester of general chemistry continues exploring the structure, properties, and bonding of atoms and molecules, with emphasis on the physical characteristics of gases, liquids, solids and solutions, chemical equilibria, thermodynamics, and kinetics. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite(s): CHM 105 or 107; Corequisite: CHM 110.

3
CHM109 Chemistry I Laboratory

Introduction to the basic experimental procedures and laboratory techniques in chemistry. Experiments are correlated with the lectures in Chemistry 105 and Chemistry 107. Three hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: CHM 105 or 107. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
CHM110 Chemistry II Laboratory

Continued introduction to the basic experimental procedures and laboratory techniques in chemistry. Experiments are correlated with lectures in Chemistry 108. Three hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: CHM 108. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
Courses listed here that are also required for a student’s major must be replaced by a course approved in advance by the department chair.

+Minor Requirements

8 courses, including:

BIO143 The Cell

This course is designed to provide a broad overview of current biological concepts, including cell structure, function, division, and basic genetics. Biologically important molecules also are presented. This course is a prerequisite for all upper-level biology courses. Three hours of class

3
BIO143L Lab: The Cell

Experiments to complement the material presented in BIO143. Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO143. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fee.

1
BIO144 The Organism

This course provides a general survey of animals and plants at the organismic level, with emphasis on their evolution and various physiological processes such as respiration, circulation, digestion, and reproduction. This course is a prerequisite for all upper-level biology courses. Three hours of class.

3
BIO144L Lab: The Organism

Experiments to complement the material presented in BIO144. Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite or prerequisite: BIO144. Additional Fee(s): Laboratory fees.

1
3 courses selected from biology courses numbered 200 or above; at least two of these must have a laboratory component.
1 biology elective or any science or mathematics course approved in advance and not already counted toward a major or minor.