With 260 million people, Indonesia is the fourth largest country in the world by population, following India, China and the US. It is also the world’s largest Muslim nation, although it contains significant Christian, Buddhist and Hindu minorities. It consists of 17,000 islands, with the main island of Java being the most densely populated island in the world. The capital of Jakarta has over 10 million inhabitants, and the Greater Jakarta region has 30 million people.
Its geographic location in Southeast Asia has historically been part of the main trading routes from Asia to Europe. It was formerly known as both the Spice Islands and the Dutch East Indies. Long a part of the Dutch colonial system, it was occupied by the Japanese during WWII, and won its independence from the Netherlands in 1949.
It is currently the 16th largest economy in the world, and is expected to be the 7th largest by 2030. It is a major exporter of natural resources and is now a manufacturer of many goods sold in international markets. Its currency is the rupiah, and Bahasa Indonesia is the main national language with many regional dialects.